Union Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman has informed that the Centre is implementing multiple rail, road and air connectivity projects worth ₹1,34,200 crore in the entire northeastern region. It is currently carrying out 20 railway projects worth ₹74,000 crore covering 2,011 km spreading across the region, developing 4,000 km of roads in the region at ₹58,000 crore and working on 15 ongoing air connectivity projects in the northeast at ₹2,200 crore. The number of Indo-Bangladesh Protocol Routes has been increased to 10 from the existing 8 as they are reviewed every five years.
The Union government is also developing the National Waterways on the Ganges, Brahmaputra and Barak rivers as Bangladesh has 50 riverine systems, which can be leveraged for all types of transportation purposes as the cost of travel through water is the least compared to air, road and rail networks. The entire area between Sadiya and Dhubri in Assam along the Brahmaputra river is being developed for improved connectivity as they are building a multimodal hub on the Brahmaputra in Guwahati. This includes a ship repairing port at Pandu, four tourist jetties and 11 floating terminals. The Eastern Waterways Connectivity Transport Grid, once completed, will offer seamless connectivity not only between the northeast and rest of India but also in the sub-continent.