Some Suggestions for Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions in the Road Transport Sector

    Road Transport Sector

    Dr. L.R. Kadiyali, Chief Executive, L.R. Kadiyali and Associates, New Delhi
    Greenhouse gas emissions from the operation of road vehicles are a matter of serious concern in the world and India. As the number of vehicles is growing rapidly in India, India's contribution to the global CO2 emissions is forecast to increase to 6 per cent in the year 2030. India is a party to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and must take various measures to ensure that the global climate system does not get interfered with. The Paper describes various measures India can take to tackle this serious problem.

    Introduction

    As India is a fast-growing economy, with a GDP growth rate of 7 per cent per annum already achieved, and growing at 10 per cent is a possibility, the road transport sector is poised for a growth rate of 10–15 per cent. As road transport vehicles are currently dependent on petroleum crude based fuels (petrol and diesel), the emissions from these are causing serious environmental problems. It is, therefore, urgent that the country addresses these issues and takes suitable steps to mitigate the ill-effects of road transport. India is a party to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and thus must take measures to stabilise Green House Gas (GHG) emissions so that the global climate system does not get interfered with.

    Green House Gas Emissions and their Effect

    What are Green Houses Gases (GHG)?
    The Kyoto Protoc covered the following six emissions under GHG:

    CO2
    Methane
    Nitrogen Oxide
    Sulphur Hexafluoride
    Hydrofluorocarbons
    Perfluorocarbons

    Of the above, CO2 is largest contributor, (about 96%) in the transportation sector. The Paper, therefore, confines itself to CO2 emissions. The CO2 emissions are also known as Carbon Footprints.

    India contributed about 2 percent of global CO2 emissions in 2006, but as its economy is poised for a rapid growth, it is forecast to contribute 6 per cent in the year 2030 (Ref 1).

    Ill-effects of GHG Emissions
    ill Effects of GHG Emissions

    NBM&CW September 2016

    CURRENTLY ONLINE
    We have 645 guests and no members online

    NBM&CW

    New Building Material & Construction World

    New Building Material & Construction World
    MGS Architecture

    Modern Green Structures & Architecture

    Modern Green Structures & Architecture
    L&ST

    Lifting & Specialized Transport

    Lifting & Specialized Transport
    II&TW

    Indian Infrastructure & Tenders Week

    Indian Infrastructure & Tenders Week