Emerging Issues for Road Construction and Maintenance – A Futuristic View

Mr Luke Whistler, Researcher, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia;
Dr Cheryl Desha, Lecturer in Sustainable Development, Queensland University of Technology, Australia,
Prof Arun Kumar, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Emeritus Professor RMIT University,
Mr Charlie Hargroves, Research Fellow, Curtin University Sustainability Policy Institute, Perth, and
Prof Peter Newman, Professor of Sustainability, Curtin University Sustainability Policy Institute.

Introduction

In the coming decades the design, construction and maintenance of roads will face a range of new issues and as such will require a number of new approaches. In particular, road authorities will be required to consider and respond to a range of issues related to climate change, and associated extreme weather events, such as the extensive flooding in January 2011 in Queensland, Australia Figure 1). Coupled with diminishing access to road construction supplies (such as aggregate), water scarcity, and the potential for increases in oil and electricity prices, this range of challenges bear little resemblance to those previously faced. In Australia, state and federal authorities face further pressures given the variety of needs resulting from the country's geographical and population diversity, expansive road networks, road freight requirements and relatively small population base.

Road construction
Figure 1: Effect of extreme weather events, Queensland January 2011 (Weerakoon)1

With emerging issues related to environmental impacts and carbon legislation, economic risks and social demands, long-term planning and resilience-building is urgently required to provide reliable and extensive road networks in future. This is particularly so in Australia, where 814,000 kilometres2 of road network spans a wide range of geographic areas Figure 2). The cost of road construction in Australia is estimated to be in the order of $17.5 billion per year. The road maintenance cost is estimated to be in the order of $5 billion per year and rising.3

Australian Major Road Networks
Figure 2: Image of Australian major road networks
This paper summarises research undertaken as part of the 'Future of Roads' project of the Sustainable Built Environment National Research Centre (SBEnrc)4 in Australia that is exploring the variety and complexity of future pressures on roads. The project is supported by the state departments of Main Roads Western Australia, Queensland Department of Transport and Main Roads, in addition to industry partners Parsons Brinckerhoff, John Holland Group, and is supported in-kind by the Australian Green Infrastructure Council (AGIC). The research is focusing on two Australian states (Queensland and Western Australia) as examples to discuss geographical considerations and to draw together emerging common implications for cost-effectively managing road construction and maintenance related carbon emissions.

Challenges Ahead for Road Construction and Maintenance

Due to rapidly expanding economies around the world, significant changes in weather patterns, and predicted increases in energy and resource prices,5 much effort around the world is being put into responding to such challenges with creativity and innovation.6,7,8 The clear message emerging is that an opportunity exists to transform the way road infrastructure is conceived, planned and constructed, to assist society to respond to climate change, reduce a range of environmental pressures, and improve the mobility of citizens.

NBMCW September 2012

Click Here
To Know More / Contact The Manufacturer
Please provide your details we will contact you as soon as possible
Please let us know your name.
Invalid Input
Please let us know your Designation.
Invalid Input
Please let us know your City.
Please let us know your State.
Please let us know your Country.
Please let us know your Contact Number.
Please let us know your email address.
Please brief your query.

StrataWeb®: An Innovative Solution for Embankment Slope Protection Stabilization

Side slope erosion has always been an issue for highway embankments. Especially during the monsoons, these slopes pose a challenge. The Larsen & Toubro-IDPI SPV, constructing its 163km long Rourkela-Sambalpur toll-way road Read More ...

Role of Concrete in - Road Infrastructure

In India, the emphasis in recent years has rightly been on the housing and infrastructure, including, amongst other things, roads, power and irrigation sectors. The Global Infrastructure Outlook reflects that rising income levels Read More ...

Ammann ARS 121 Soil Compactors deployed at 354-km Purvanchal Expressway

Ammann ARS 121 Soil Compactors are bringing efficiency to an enormous, high-profile roadbuilding project in India. The compactors are handling soil work for a key section of the 354-km Purvanchal Expressway, the longest current Read More ...

Ashoka Buildcon constructs Package 4 of landmark Eastern Peripheral Expressway project

Ashoka Buildcon, which was awarded package 4 of the EPE project, constructed 22km of the 135 km EPE, at a cost of ₹789 crores. It built three grade separators, one ROB, 12 VUPs, 22 PUPs, four minor bridges and 20 Read More ...

Wirtgen: Cold milling machines have a decisive impact on quality of road rehabilitation

Wirtgen offers the widest range of cold milling machines in the industry. Customers can choose from more than 30 different types of machines, with each also available with a variety of milling widths. The lower Read More ...

Smart Pavement Materials and Emerging Technologies

Smartness describes self-adaptability, self-sensing, and multiple functionalities of the materials. These characteristics provide numerous possible applications of such materials in manufacturing and civil Read More ...

Repair of Scaled Surface Areas of Newly Constructed Cement Concrete Pavement Slabs

After 2014, the speed of the construction of cement concrete road for national highways and expressways, in cities and even at village level has significantly increased due to the policy adopted by the Government of India Read More ...

ArcelorMittal Long Products - Benefits of steel solutions in bridge design

Today's modern bridge construction projects face totally new challenges. The public, the regulators and the authorities demand structures that are cost effective during their planning, execution, lifetime and dismantling. Read More ...

From Yarn to Bridges – Strata Takes Another Giant Leap in Technical Textiles

Strata Geosystems, a global leader in the soil reinforcement industry, has opened its new state-of-the-art manufacturing facility, which will meet the growing demand for geosynthetic products in India and around the Read More ...

Bogibeel Rail-cum-Road Bridge

There are a lot of legends and prophesies floating with the current of the mighty Brahmaputra River as it tracks its course from Tibet to Bangladesh, roaring down through narrow chasms and gobbling up land in its pursuit Read More ...

Advantages of Precast Concrete in Constructing Highways & Bridges

Prefabrication of any structure component off-site during highway construction (or reconstruction) offers major time and user cost savings in comparison with the traditional cast-in-place methods of construction. Read More ...

Long-life Pavements - European & American Perspectives

Long-life Pavements European & American Perspectives Road infrastructure investment has increased less in many countries than road traffic. If these trends continue, the outcome will be increasing intensity of Read More ...

Performance Management for Durable Pavements

Satisfactory pavement performance can be assured only with an appropriate design with a well-calibrated algorithm, material selection based on the appropriate mix design, proper processing of the materials for Read More ...

Experimental Study on Tunnel Excavation Muck for Road Construction

Substantial parts of India are covered by hills and Himalayas stand foremost among them. The border areas in the North and North-East of our country are mountainous with steep topography, difficult and hazardous Read More ...

Geocells For Pavement Reinforcement

Roads are essential for the economic growth of the country, and unlike the railway network, various classes of roads-from expressways to rural road, assure last mile connectivity. India’s growing economy requires Read More ...

Pervious Concrete Technology for Urban Roads and Pavements

Pervious Concrete Technology for Urban Roads and Pavements In recent years, the rise in employment and higher standard of living, amongst numerous other factors, has led to a gradual shift of people from rural to urban Read More ...
NBM&CW

New Building Material & Construction World

New Building Material & Construction World
MGS Architecture

Modern Green Structures & Architecture

Modern Green Structures & Architecture
L&ST

Lifting & Specialized Transport

Lifting & Specialized Transport
II&TW

Indian Infrastructure & Tenders Week

Indian Infrastructure & Tenders Week