Precast Technology for Low Cost Housing Schemes in India

Precast Technology for Low Cost Housing

Er. P Surya Prakash, President – Association of Consulting Civil Engineers (India) President – PSI (Pre Engineered Structures Society of India), M.D - SatyaVani Projects & Consultants Pvt. Ltd., Hyderabad

"Huge and large Compact Dwelling Units Scattered & Spread over Thousands of sites with Speed, Efficiency High Quality and Low Price" is achieved using innovatively crafted Taylor made house components factory produced transported to site, lifted to position for assembly into decent dwelling units.

This paper aims at how the Precast Concrete Building Technology can be efficiently and effectively used on various Low cast Mass Housing Projects being planned by the present Govt Policy "House for all by 2020.

With an annual growth rate trend of 2.7%, it is estimated that the India's population will be standing at about 1200 million marks by the end of 2014. Sizable of this population is below the poverty line and lack basic human needs. They do not have proper housing accommodation. Many live in slums and some have shared accommodation. The housing is a basic need and like any basic human need will be constantly in demand. The gap between available housing stock and that required is ever increasing. The potential for housing in this country is huge. NHB estimates that the housing shortage at the beginning of the 12th Plan is 18.90mn units, bulk of which, say 18M units, are in the EWS and LGH sectors.

There are other estimates, which suggest that it is at a much higher level. Even going by the conservative estimate taken by the NHB, the requirements in the area of housing are enormous. This really means that a lot of large investments, prudent planning and suitable adaptable technology are required for the low cost all inclusive habitable house constructions, with great speed in the coming years. The present government has a pious policy planning "House for all by 2020", which desiderates construction of nearly 20mn units in a span of 5years at 4 to 5mn dwelling units an year. This calls in a pragmatic approach, credible efforts, meticulous planning and monitoring on the part all the concerned and a resolute will to go ahead with the realistic plan of action. The government has to identify suitable sites in the needed areas, and duly notify, configure and freeze the lay out plans with drawings of decent dwelling units with their arrangement as individual or Two/Multi storeyed, based on the demand and availability of space and the number of family units to be constructed for allotment. Each dwelling unit should be compact with a toilet, so planned, and constructed as to have 40% of free land space for future expansion. Rural housing for labour or the artisans is to be planned with some vacant space for a shed to have some cow or goat to rear. The dwelling unit's grid shall be, with one toilet in each house, and assured drinking water supply, should serve the objective. The owner should feel happy and agog to occupy. The idea is that the houses are to be neat, attractive and habitable with basic amenities, such as electricity, water and communications and other needed infrastructure facilities close by. These should be affordable and calling for least maintenance. This massive housing construction is to be carried out with sincerity, speed and proficient planning. Constructed houses remaining unoccupied and in some cases facilitating unholy and nefarious activities in vacant/deserted spaces is a criminal waste of public funds.

Shortage of Dwelling Units in India
chart-1". Shortage of Dwelling Units In India

All these require a colossal resource planning of materials, manpower and machinery besides a suitable acceptable technology and most importantly the finance of Rs.6000 bn in 5 to 6 years timeframe at the rate of Rs.1000 to1200 bn. an year. This is a challenging task. It requires meticulous strategic planning, procedural frame work, national policy, as the gigantic program is spread over in different states having diverse sociological, & deviant customs and divergent practices, Some of these are in extreme climatic zones, and some in certain Geo-hazardous prone areas and some terror-.targeted. The stakeholders are to be taken into confidence and their viewpoints are given due consideration. The state of U.P. is leading in the housing shortage followed by Andhra Pradesh.

To build large scale compact and cost effective habitable dwelling units (for instant willing occupation) spread over several parts of the country, with speed, and round the clock operation independent from weather/(seasonal) conditions, the traditional in situ construction is not a success and was found to be a failure in the past.

Mass housing targets can be achieved by replacing the conventional methods of planning and executing building operation to suit the special and individual common needs optimally using the locally available materials and even rationally utilizing other new/ make shift/substitute resource materials. Partial prefabrication is an approach towards the above operation under controlled conditions. The essence lies in the systematic approach in building methodology and not necessarily particular construction type or design. The methodology for low cost housing has to be of intermediate type-less sophisticated involving less capital investment.

The instant answer or ready solution to this gargantuan plan is to go in for innovative compliant Precast Technology tailored to suit situation specific requirements and easily adaptable to the location, making optimum use of the locally available construction materials and the transport facilities.

NBM&CW February 2015

Click Here
To Know More / Contact The Manufacturer
Please provide your details we will contact you as soon as possible
Please let us know your name.
Invalid Input
Please let us know your Designation.
Invalid Input
Please let us know your City.
Please let us know your State.
Please let us know your Country.
Please let us know your Contact Number.
Please let us know your email address.
Please brief your query.

Design Intricacies of Precast Concrete Structures for Multi-Storied Residential Towers

With Precast, we can envision a cost-effective, fast-track, safe and sustainable future for the construction of high-rise structures. Nidhi Gupta & Ahilan R. Design and Engineering team, Starworth Infrastructure & Construction Ltd., Bengaluru Read More ...

Echo Precast - Increased automation in production of prestressed hollow core slabs

With a multi-angle saw (MAS) from Echo Precast Engineering, Belgium, the Franconian building materials manufacturer Dennert is focusing on higher automation in the production of prestressed hollow core slabs Read More ...

Ecofriendly Paver Block

In the past few decades, the rapid process of industrialization and urbanization has increased the generation of waste material at huge rates and landfills are filling up faster than the exploration of new sites. Disposal of industrial Read More ...

DECAST Ltd, one of the largest precast companies in Canada, has invested in a self-stressing casting bed from Tecnocom in Italy

Tecnocom specializes in providing molds and casting beds for the precast industry and is a part of the PROGRESS GROUP of companies; which is a leading precast technology conglomerate worldwide. PROGRESS GROUP is represented Read More ...

Rethinking Repaving

As states continue to look at ways to efficiently repair roads, Indiana is testing a new product in an urban environment. Every commuter has experienced it at some point. Cruising along an interstate when you come to a grinding halt Read More ...

Architectural Precast Concrete

Concrete can easily replicate the high-end look of masonry, marble, cut stone and even exotic and sculpted motifs in both beauty and durability and the versatility of architectural precast concrete gives designers a freedom that is not Read More ...

Precast in Residential Construction

Urban population is growing at the rate faster than expected and hence the providing residential units is one of the most important challenges of the developing countries like India. The precast technology is spreading its wing from Read More ...

Aurobindo Realty & Infrastructure chooses Elematic to fast-track projects in Hyderabad

Aurobindo Realty & Infrastructure has adopted precast technology to speed-up construction processes and take advantage of the growth boom in Hyderabad, which is home to about seven million people, and is one of the fastest growing Read More ...

Sansiri invests in sophisticated battery mould technology by Tecnocom

Sansiri Public Co. Ltd, based in Bangkok, Thailand, has more than three decades of experience in the field of construction projects and real estate development and has successfully delivered hundreds of projects all over Thailand. It has gained Read More ...

Enhancing Buildability Using Precast Concrete Technology

Though precast construction is in use for almost 80 years, it continues to be the least understood construction method in developing countries. Only a limited number of countries in North America, Europe, Australia, Japan and some parts Read More ...

Greener, Faster and Sustainable Construction Practices Through Precast Solutions

It is very important for us to have a greener, faster and sustainable approach towards the construction of buildings and infrastructure in order to meet the ever-increasing demands of the construction industry. One such method Read More ...

Precast Segmental Lining for Underground Tunnels

India, which has been lagging behind other countries in metro rail development with the country’s first Metro commissioned in Kolkata in 1984 followed by New Delhi only during 2002, is now catching up with over 585km of operational lines Read More ...

Precast Construction to the Rescue

Precast construction meets the expectation of cost in building structures and has proven to be the most suitable technology for India. It is also the most effective when there is a large volume of construction that requires a balanced Read More ...

Offsite Manufacturing is the Future of Construction

Across the globe, Data Driven Design, Design for Manufacturing and Assembly (DFMA), Modular Construction, Offsite Manufacturing, Intelligent Buildings and Construction Software are gaining prominence as they enable faster construction Read More ...

PROGRESS SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT GMBH + STABOS - Software for big data, networking and maintenance in precast concrete plants

Progress Software Development, part of the PROGRESS GROUP, develops software solutions for the precast concrete and reinforcement industries. The high-performance products include MES systems for the planning, controlling Read More ...

Technocom's Ba‎ttery Mould produces noise control wall panel

BGC Precast, belonging to BGC Group and based in Kwinana, Western Australia, has invested in a battery mould from Tecnocom, Italy, a company belonging to the PROGRESS GROUP, which is one of the leading groups in ma- chinery and solutions Read More ...
NBM&CW

New Building Material & Construction World

New Building Material & Construction World
MGS Architecture

Modern Green Structures & Architecture

Modern Green Structures & Architecture
L&ST

Lifting & Specialized Transport

Lifting & Specialized Transport
II&TW

Indian Infrastructure & Tenders Week

Indian Infrastructure & Tenders Week