Catalyzing Employability through Infra, Social and Rural Development Projects

Catalyzing Employability through Infra, Social and Rural Development Projects

With 65% of India’s population composed of youngsters facing job deficit, our demographics dictate that infrastructure, social and rural development projects can be one the important role models for solving our humungous job crisis, ensuring a decent livelihood for an additional 120-150 million young people over the next decade, argues S. K. Khanna.

Undoubtedly, the last few years have witnessed the pace of job creation woefully short of demand leading to almost a job famine in the country. This has belied the hopeful expectations of millions of youth who were promised creation of 1 crore jobs a year. No wonder due to this more than 3 crore unemployed youth and over 2 crore under- employed youths are feeling betrayed. Workforce in the country has grown rapidly, but job creation has failed to keep pace. While 26 millions joined the work force only 1.5 million jobs have been created in the last 12 months.

Almost half -way through an ambitious scheme to train 6 millions young people initiated by National Skill -Development Enterpreneurship in 2016, the scheme has failed to make an impact due lack of synergy between various stakeholders denting the job creation efforts. There is no taker of skill ministry’s claim that in the last 17 months it has placed 3,18,000 youths in jobs and self –employment.

Job creation data contested

Catalyzing Employability through Infra, Social and Rural Development Projects
There are strong signals of disenchantment across the country that nothing positive is happening despite promises. Whether job creation and employability in the country has gone up or dipped down continues to be the subject matter of heated debates. Job creation data projected by agencies like NSS, the Labour Bureau, EPFO and the government claim that Mudra Loans scheme has created ample job opportunities in the country have been contested by the experts and the economists. There are reports that during 2017, just 64,000 jobs were added against 87,000 of last year. The specter of job crisis has forced hundreds and thousands of young graduates and post- graduates to apply for class IV jobs causing consternation and anxiety in the country. This has no doubt put the government policy making and implementation bodies in a tight spot. Based on latest feedback outcomes, job creation issue is getting harder and harder and with the time running out and something concrete needs to be done to resolve the issue.

As a matter of fact, job creation and employment have been the prickly issues for all the governments but nothing worthwhile has been done to create a suitable metric for job growth. Stung by the nationwide criticism of government lackluster and laid back approach on employability, the government of late has shifted its gears to focus more on infrastructure, rural and social sectors with higher employability elasticity to catalyze massive job creation.

Champion Sectors

To give a double digit level boost to job creation, the government has identified 10 “Champion Sectors” and has created a dedicated fund of Rs.5kcrore to address and promote inclusive employment in order to generate jobs. These champion sectors are regarded beacons of job creation. These include capital goods, auto and auto components, construction and construction equipment, aerospace, manufacturing, textiles, food processing and renewable energy, roads and railways.

The infrastructure ministries have been directed to draw up reports detailing the number and nature of jobs that budgetary allocation will generate in their sectors so as to help adopt a targeted approach to job creation. The ministry for road transport has stated that it is ready with draft on jobs that ministry’s total outlay of Rs.1.32 lakh crore would create. National carrier Indian Railways is launching its one of biggest recruitment drives to hire 89,000 employees, including loco pilots, technicians, workers and helpers. Ministries such as urban housing, education and rural development and others have also embarked on similar exercise. Labour Bureau is to assess the number of self-employed created under the Mudra Yojana.

Construction sector which is one of the largest employment generators has been asked to gear itself up for approximately 76.5 million workers needed by 2020 and move swiftly to new technical platform to improve the viability of construction sector. Professional bodies associated with it have asked to enhance its technical capability to adopt the emerging new technologies and processes.

Rural development projects promoting construction of rural roads and rural housing are likely to give momentum not only to rural construction employability but generate income from non-farming activities for the rural economy.

Job crisis gets international attention

India’s job creation problem has attracted international attention. Both the World Bank and the International Labor Organization have pointed out to the need for creating quality salaried jobs in the country stressing that good number of jobs and suitable employment opportunities –led focus would ensure not only that growth is inclusive but also sustainable.

According to the latest Economic Census, currently there are 13 crore employees in the country, 2.4 crore in the organized sector and 10.5 crore in the unorganized sector.

Changing Employment scenario

Employment scenario in our country as in other developed countries is changing fast. The jobs that were in demand a few years back are not the favorites now and two-three hence, 90% of the youth today are working in informal sector and industry is witnessing a big transformation. For quick staff solutions the organizations are increasingly resorting to hire temporary hands to meet deadlines and cut costs. In the recent past, the contract staffing in vogue in the manufacturing employing casual workers has extended its coverage in other sectors. With the boom in other sectors, contract staffing is gaining more importance and popularity among workers and organizations because of volumes generated. This according to experts will be the fundamental game changer of the future work place and job market. As per discussion at the recent Global Business Summit held at New Delhi and attended by the captains of industry in India and abroad, “in the days to come future jobs and skills in India and elsewhere are expected to be created in the home grown MNCs, micro, small and medium enterprises and infrastructure entities promoting industrialization.

Industry 4.0 phase

Our country like advanced countries has entered the crucial Industry 4.0 phase- the Fourth Industrial Revolution. While the first Industrial revolution was triggered by the invention of steam engine in late 18th century, the second by electricity and power in early 20th century and the third driven by computers, digital technology and the internet in late 20s. Industry 4.0 phase has been triggered by new technologies and processes and jobs related to them, replacing the traditional jobs. The fourth industrial revolution (Industry 4.0) is driven by the new technologies and practices that will significantly transform industrial and business landscape. We cannot afford to bypass Industry 4.0 phase. The new technologies under Industry 4.0 phase include3D printing, sensors, advanced robotics, IoT, simulation, augmented realities, Artificial Intelligence and advanced Analytics and others… Many Indian companies have started exploring applications of Industry 4.0 in their operations. The major challenges include availability and access to talented scientists, technicians and engineers and absence of a strong technology provider ecosystem, infrastructure facilities to re-skill and up -skill the existing workforce. Many new jobs are being created in the digital automation and market place and job market with 960 MNCs and others in the country hiring well versed personnel in these skills. Hiring in these disciplines has increased by 20% in 2017 but the trend is yet to firm up before seeing a linear growth in job creation.

Inaugurating Nasscom’s Future Skills platform, the PM has urged the salaried class to reflect on changing nature of jobs in the backdrop of increasing adoption of artificial intelligence and automation among corporate and the need for re -skilling, training and retraining on emerging technologies. “We need to ensure that our existing workforce is also able to re skill, as the new technologies emerge”, he added. The online platform inaugurated by the PM is expected to train 40 lakh IT employees and also those in other employees in emerging technologies and prospective young job seekers

Fear of Job losses

New technologies have no doubt created a concern and fear of job losses, but it should not scare us. According to World Bank assessment though 77% of jobs in India are vulnerable to new technology regime, but the new regime will ramp up productivity and fuel growth, which in turn would create newer jobs compensating the job losses, it adds.

The challenge for the young job seekers will remain skewed with evidence available that restricted labour laws and regulations have prevented flow of full potential benefits of productivity output and job generation. Therefore, there is an urgent need to reform our existing labour laws and create an enabling environment to facilitate healthy growth of flexible labour market in response to market conditions for job generation and its growth.


As part of the new integrated infrastructure and social planning model, the Budget 2018 has given a massive push for improvement of infrastructure including significant capital expenditure for roads and highways construction, railways, airports, ports and power projects. As per budget analysis, these infrastructure redevelopment projects and social welfare schemes can generate at least five million jobs every year absorbing nearly half of the 10 million people who annually enter the country workforce. These projects are gaining traction and as they move closer to execution and implementation they will not only help promote business, trade and commerce but will create more jobs directly and indirectly imparting employment a big leap for the youngsters.

Recent dramatic rebound in GDP numbers at 7.2 percent, the fastest in the last five Quarters with strong showing in manufacturing growing at 8 percent, agriculture at more than 4 percent, construction at 6.1 percent and service sector and capital goods sector growing at an all time high augurs well for the dormant job market.

In the next few months there should be a sharp and sustained focus on incentivizing employment generation opportunities. If the pace of job creation is not accelerated and jobs deficit remains, the critical demographic advantage we enjoy today could become a demographic liability and a constant pain in our neck in the near and distant future. It is both an opportunity as well as a challenge to constructively harness the demographic advantage and empower our growing aspiring youth to avail and exploit emerging opportunities to earn their decent livelihood, whether through jobs in large, medium, small enterprises or self-employment following ongoing developmental projects in industrial, urban, rural, social and infrastructure sectors.
Click Here
To Know More / Contact The Manufacturer
Please fill in your details, we will contact you as soon as possible
Choose Title from the listPlease let us know your name.
Please let us know your Designation.
Invalid Input
Please let us know your email address.
Please let us know your City.
Please let us know your Contact Number.
Please brief your query.
Our other value-added services:

To receive updates through e-mail on Products, New Technologies & Equipment, please select the Product Category(s) you are interested in and click 'Submit'. This will help you save time plus you will get the best price quotations from many manufacturers, which you can then evaluate and negotiate.

Equipment & Machinery
Invalid Input
Building Products
Invalid Input

Era of Nanotechnology

Nanotechnology is a revolutionary step in the field of construction which deals with the synthesis, characterization, utilization and analysis of materials at the nano scale. These can be utilized to improve the mechanical properties Read More ...

Digital Solutions for Sanitation Related Infrastructure

Clean India Campaign/Initiative launched in 2014 to end open defecation with a focused approach on strengthening sanitation-related infrastructure is set to change the public sanitation scenario in the country. Strengthening Read More ...

New and Emerging Technologies in Construction Industry

The Construction Industry has undergone revolutionising changes in the last decade by embracing technological advancements. New-age construction methods have become highly efficient to ensure faster delivery time and cost Read More ...

Experimental analysis for evaluation of shear properties of High Strength SFRC beams

The configuration of bond of high strength concrete is rather unlike to normal concrete and is a prime concern in this context. The behavior of sudden failure of high strength concrete under shear force is perhaps due to the aggregate Read More ...

Emerging Alternative Cements for Construction Industry

Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC) has been ruling the cement-based construction industry since 18th century i.e. start of its commercial production. In last two decades, the manufacturing rate has grown from 1.5 billion metric tonnes Read More ...

CPWD Installs Solar Trees for Net Energy Plus Campus

Government of India launched solar mission in 2010 with the target of deploying 20,000 MW of grid connected solar power by 2022 which was revised to 1,00,000 MW in 2015. Revised target comprises of 40 GW Rooftop and 60 GW through Read More ...

Sustainable Construction at No Extra Cost

The Paper is about the Sustainable Construction which doesn’t cost anything extra infact it has overall saving and less costlier with many Eco-friendly Benefits. The Paper revolve about the Cost associated with the Sustainable Read More ...

Effect of Load Obliquity on Pullout Capacity of Granular Anchor Pile in Cohesionless Soil

In the present study, the experimental investigations were carried out to compare the vertical and oblique behavior of Granular Anchor Pile (GAP) and Group Piles of 2 & 4 GAP in cohesionless soil. A model testing program was designed Read More ...

Fire Safety and its Management

FIRE SAFETY is defined as the set of practices which are intended to decrease the destruction caused by fire. It also refers to planning and infrastructure design aimed at reducing the risk of fire or impeding the spread of a fire Read More ...

Brick Kilns and their Effect on Environment

Bricks are traditional building materials which hold a lot of importance in Indian architecture. Brick manufacture in India and also in some parts of the world still use the traditional firing technique. After China, India is the second Read More ...

Building Materials, Testing & Sustainability

This comprehensive textbook by well-known and award-winning author, design consultant, and researcher, Dr, N Subramanian, is an invaluable source of knowledge for engineering students, architects, consultants, researchers, teachers, and all those Read More ...

Turning Plastic Waste into Eco-friendly Building Materials & Products

Since the past 65 years, about 8.3 billion tons of plastics have been produced worldwide, which is equivalent to 10,000 Eiffel Towers or 35,000 Empire State Buildings. But only 9 percent of all plastics gets recycled, while the rest ends up as trash Read More ...

Lessons from Warfare to Manage Complex Marketing Projects

The fundamental definition of warfare is to compete and win over enemies with limited resources. Interestingly, it is fundamental to running a marketing function in a corporate company. My fellow marketing heads will agree that it is imperative Read More ...

Lightweight Fiber-Reinforced Houses

lex Liew Chung Meng, an innovator of Lightweight Concrete Methodology (LCM) for low-cost housing, has been approached by a Kolkata-based construction company, which has secured an order to build 18,000 low-cost housing units. To Read More ...

Water Management in High-Rise Buildings

According to a recent report by Niti Aayog, India is suffering from the worst water crisis in its history, with around 600 million people facing severe water shortage. If this continues, there will be a 6% loss in the country's GDP Read More ...

A Revolution in Concrete Floors-Free Movement (FM) and its Importance

With growth and Industrialization, the demand of industries has been increasing, especially for the fast-track projects. Consequently, the importance of flooring (mainly concrete flooring) in the operation of the industries is Read More ...

New Building Material & Construction World

New Building Material & Construction World
MGS Architecture

Modern Green Structures & Architecture

Modern Green Structures & Architecture

Lifting & Specialized Transport

Lifting & Specialized Transport

Indian Infrastructure & Tenders Week

Indian Infrastructure & Tenders Week