Light House Projects by SkeletonLHP Agartala Arch rendered

Project Details
Client: Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs & BMTPC
EPC Contractor: KPR Projecton (LHP Indore)
JAM Sustainable Housing LLP (LHP Lucknow)
Mitsumi Housing (LHP Agartala)
Architect: Sthapati Associates
Structural Consultant: Skeleton Consultants
Steel Fabricator: Altis Industries
Stelloid Infrastructure
Struc-Rite Metal Building Systems
S. Pushp Steel Structural Trading Co.
Infinity Fabtech
Arman Steelcon


The increasing demand for residential units in the country with speedier construction, has encouraged use of innovative technologies that are being practiced the world over. Structural steel with its in-built attributes when integrated with these technologies offers added advantages of assured quality, enhanced durability, reliable performance, cost effectiveness, and rapid construction of multi-storey residential projects.

The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs had organized a Global Housing Technology Challenge - India (GHTC- India) with the aim to identify and mainstream a basket of innovative technologies from across the globe for the housing construction sector. These should be sustainable, eco-friendly, and disaster resilient. Shortlisted technologies from the challenge are being used to construct Light House Projects (LHP) under Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana - Urban (PMAY-U) at six locations across India.

Light House Projects by SkeletonLHP Agartala Etabs wireframe
The LHPs are being built using cutting-edge technology to demonstrate and deliver ready-to-live houses with speed, economy, and better quality of construction in a sustainable manner, suitable to the geo-climatic and hazard conditions of the region.

Skeleton has been associated from the initial stage on the development of these alternate technologies for use in housing construction. Currently, the company is providing structural engineering consultancy services for three Light House Project (LHP) at Indore, Lucknow and Agartala.

“Skeleton has the expertise and competency in projects using structural steel and alternate technologies. Our learnings from past projects and understanding of innovative technologies has helped us in delivering efficient and optimized structural designs of these projects,” says Nitesh Agrawal, General Manager, Skeleton Consultants.

Light House Projects by SkeletonLHP Indore Etabs wireframe

Structural Aspects of Project
With the aim of using these projects as live demonstration for future projects on different aspects of transfer of these technologies to field application, the structural configuration and construction material was selected based on various parameters, such as functionality, performance, availability, and ease of construction, after brainstorming with each stakeholder.
Nitesh Agrawal, General Manager, Skeleton Consultants
Skeleton is currently providing structural engineering consultancy to three Light House Projects at Indore, Lucknow, and Agartala. Our learnings from past projects and understanding of innovative technologies has helped us in delivering efficient and optimized structural designs of these projects

Nitesh Agrawal, General Manager, Skeleton Consultants

Project’s structural aspects include the following:
  • The residential towers in these projects range from G+6 to G+13.
  • Considering the latest developments in the field, demand for cost-effective, rapid and sustainable design, and obtaining desired performance to satisfy various codal provisions, the buildings are envisaged as RC steel hybrid structures.
  • The structural system of buildings consists of substructure up to plinth level in RCC and superstructure in ductile RC structural walls with pre-engineered structural steel frames.
  • To achieve economy in design, sturdy structural behaviour and to enable faster construction, RC structural walls are proposed only at common areas around Stairs & Lifts with structural steel frames at most of the locations.
  • The RC structural walls along with special moment steel frames at selected locations are designed to cater to the lateral load due to wind and earthquake. The other frames are designed as ordinary moment frames to transfer only gravity loads.
  • The floor system comprises of steel beams with concrete slab over deep profiled metal deck sheet to avoid intermediate joist to achieve clear height.
  • The structural design of buildings is carried out in accordance with the provisions of IS875, IS1893, IS456, IS800 and NBC.
  • The structural design of buildings has been peer reviewed and approved by IIT Delhi and committee comprising of experts from IITs, CBRI and BMTPC.
Challenges & Complexities
To make the system future-ready, various challenges and complexities were faced:
  • The Lateral load resistant system: Out of the various available alternatives like moment frames, RC Shear walls, braced frames, dampers, base isolation etc, dual system of RC structural walls & steel frames was adopted owing to their aesthetics, functional, structural, cost-effectiveness and constructability. The location of shear walls and special moment frames were carefully chosen to fulfill the behavior in dynamic effects due to wind & earthquake.
  • Integration with Shortlisted Technology: The technical details and installation procedure of Shortlisted Technology were understood from the technology provider of each project. The detailing of structural system has been done to accommodate the technology components in design with ease.
  • Economic & rapid construction: During the design development, it was stressed to have symmetric configuration and modular design. The structure has been designed & detailed considering high strength factory made pre-engineered steel sections with bolted connection in such a way that it’s easy, repetitive and enhances construction productivity with reliable quality & rapid erection, also reducing wastage and unskilled work.
Light House Projects by SkeletonLHP Lucknow Arch rendered

Building Frames
  • The primary frames of the building consist of rigid jointed special moment resisting structural steel frames to cater to lateral loads with RC structural walls.
  • Secondary frame comprises of ordinary moment resisting structural steel frames to cater to gravity loads only.
  • For floor system, steel beams at frame location were provided without any secondary members such as joists.
  • Plate fabricated I section made of high strength steel having yield strength of 345 MPa have been used for framing & flooring members.
Salient Features of Project
  • Use of alternate innovative technologies for rapid & sustainable construction.
  • In LHP at Indore, Japanese technology of Prefabricated Sandwich Panel system made of cement or calcium silicate boards and cement mortar with EPS granules balls shall be used.
  • The light houses in Agartala will be built using Light Gauge Steel Frame (LGSF) System technology innovated in New Zealand. LGSF system is made of galvanized light gauge steel components produced by cold forming method.
  • Canada’s technology of Stay in place (SIP) PVC wall will be used in Lucknow. The SIP walls consist of rigid poly-vinyl chloride (PVC) based polymer panels as a permanent stay-in-place finished formwork for concrete.
Advantages of these technologies
  • Being factory made, brings speed in construction.
  • The panels have lightweight material as core material, which brings resource efficiency, better thermal insulation, acoustics & energy efficiency.
  • Being light in weight results in lower dead load of building & foundation size.
Structural Uniqueness of Project
  • The superstructure is designed in structural steel which offers flexibility and strength, in addition to being lightweight. Using structural steel, forces in the structure are reduced and its foundations are therefore lighter. This reduction of design forces significantly reduces the cost of both the superstructure and foundations of a building.
  • The use of dual system of RC structural walls & high strength pre-engineered steel frames for lateral load resistance offers better and reliable structural behavior and ease of construction where both the activities can be carried out independently.
  • The combination of special moment resisting frames & ordinary moment frames helped in optimizing the cost since the lateral loads were transferred at selected locations only and most of the structure needs to withstand gravity loads only.
  • High strength plate fabricated I section produced in factories with controlled quality and accuracy have been used to suit the demand of these fasttrack projects.
Click Here
To Know More or to Contact the Manufacturer
Please let us know your name.
Invalid Input
Please let us know your Designation.
Please let us know your Contact Number.
Please let us know your email address.
Please brief your query.
Our other Value-Added Services:

To receive updates through e-mail on Products, New Technologies & Equipment, please select the Product Category(s) you are interested in and click 'Submit'. This will help you save time plus you will get the best price quotations from many manufacturers, which you can then evaluate and negotiate.

Invalid Input
Invalid Input
Invalid Input
Klaus Hoch- und Tiefbau GmbH is upgrading its machines in the precast concrete plant with several automated systems from progress Maschinen & Automation and Tecnocom - companies of the Progress Group. With the individualised reinforcement machines

Read more ...

Civil Construction in India has not been as much industrialized as it has been in the West. Presently, it shares barely 1-2% of the real estate market, though as per a recent study, it is expected to grow @8.5% in the decade of 2016-2026

Read more ...

Precast concrete is produced by casting concrete in a re-useable mould or form, which is then cured in a controlled environment. To ensure durability, high strength, low water cement ratio, and improved rheology, use of concrete admixtures is compulsory

Read more ...

Aurobindo Realty & Infrastructure, one of the frontrunners in the realty sector in South India, is confident that the southern region will see numerous construction projects being launched during the next 10 years and even beyond

Read more ...

C. A. Prasad, President PSI & Director, Metey Engineering & Consultancy, Hyderabad, discusses the various new construction technologies being adopted by developers and builders in India, and their merits and demerits

Read more ...

Ajay Chourasia, Sr. Principal Scientist, CSIR-Central Building Research Institute (CBRI), Roorkee, reviews the general concepts, PVMC connections, and recommendations for technological interventions and alternate connection systems

Read more ...

C. B. Kameswara Rao, Professor, National Institute of Technology, Warangal, gives a presentation of different types of joints in precast construction and of the research done at NITW. Connections and joints are responsible for stability as well as strength

Read more ...

Srinidhi Anantharaman explores offsite building construction in a holistic manner and provides an overview of the entire design and construction lifecycle of such buildings, along with the compulsions of architectural, structural and services, design decisions

Read more ...

Saurabh Purandare, Director, & Khaja Rasool, Structural Engineer, Innovela Building Solutions, Pune, discuss an out-of-the-box construction approach for meeting today’s call for shorter timelines and reduced cost in construction, while ensuring the highest

Read more ...

R. Siva Chidambaram, Scientist, ASCD Division, CSIR-Central Building Research Institute, Roorkee, discusses the importance of shear resisting key based precast joints and the influence under cyclic loading. The hysteresis behaviour and energy dissipation show

Read more ...

N. Gopalakrishnan, Director, CSIR-Central Building Research Institute, Roorkee, emphasizes the importance of structural integrity of precast connections to enhance the static and cyclic behavior of the joints, and gives reasons

Read more ...

PT. Modern Panel Indonesia, a subsidiary of Modernland, one of Indonesia’s leading developers, is creating a new housing project using tested, earthquake-safe precast elements. The prefabricated elements are produced

Read more ...

Are you pondering about the suitability of precast concrete structure for your construction projects? Are you unsure of how to evaluate its benefits? Do you need a clear cost calculation and a plan for the most suitable precast products

Read more ...

Producer of pre-stressed concrete elements, G&J Industries, a family-owned company based in Belgium, has decided to boost its production capacity of its 60 cm wide hollow core slabs using a Extruder X-Liner® acquired from Echo

Read more ...

Markus Hennig, Executive Vice President - Business Units, Megawide Construction Corporation, shares insights on affordable housing projects in the Philippines, and based on the company’s success model, shows that

Read more ...

Masa is offering comprehensive solutions for production lines in India for manufacturing concrete products in different variants. Several projects with fully automated plants have already been commissioned across India

Read more ...

In 2020, Euro Steel was established as the primary supplier of the reinforcing needs to the Euro Precast QLD business by introducing a new mesh welding plant with a bending machine supplied by progress

Read more ...

Elematic sets up an Automated Precast Factory for Aurobindo Realty & Infrastructure, following which, the company starts construction of two major realty projects, using precast elements produced

Read more ...

With software, automation, and independent machinery, a hollow core plant can be augmented to become intelligent and offer many benefits to the users. Boosting a hollow core plant is a good investment

Read more ...

×
Sign-up for Free Subscription
'India Construction Week'
Weekly e-Newsletter on Construction Industry
Get the latest news, product launches, projects announced / awarded, government policies, investments, and expert views.