Rajan Kataria, Chief Engineer (Design) Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd.
For the extension of the U shaped viaduct of the 3rd Line of Delhi Metro (India), DMRC was confronted to the crossing of 5 railway tracks with very high constraints: sharp plan curvature, railway vertical clearance, impossible location of intermediate piers, no possible interruption of the railway traffic, and minimum span length of 93 m… In addition to the technical difficulties, time was not an ally: the line opening date was scheduled in less than one year.
All these constraints have not allowed DMRC to use the typical structures of the line 3 viaduct, which had been designed by Systra. Systra has then proposed a very innovative and economic solution, which will allow a very fast construction thanks to the use of the same cross section as for typical viaduct, and by means of only conventional materials.
The segmental extradosed bridge has been erected using for the lateral spans the same construction method than for typical viaduct (span by span), and cantilever construction for main span. (Fig. 1, 2).
All the piers and pylons are founded on deep foundations, with cast in situ concrete piles. The impossible relocation of some utilities and place constraints, has led to design large pilecaps with 20 piles per pylon, as shown in the Fig. 3.
Some utilities, which it was not possible to shift vertically, were embedded in the 3m depth pilecap. The remaining lateral piers are founded on 4 piles of 1.5m diameter. Piles length was limited to 30m to save the time of pile testing (30m is the longest length for which the pile testing was already done).
Substructures and pylons
The bridge pylons are supported on a portal with vertical circular shafts of 2.4 m diameter. The rectangular transverse beam is 2.5 m depth as shown in Fig. 4. Above this transverse beam, the pylon segment is cast in situ to be rigidly connected to the pylon.
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