Town & Country Planning Organization, M/o Urban Development, Govt. of India, New Delhi.
The availability and usage of different motorized modes of transport not only affect the environment but also contribute to global warming and climate change. Similarly, planning, designing and development of transport projects and construction of transport infrastructure also impact the environment and therefore environment considerations and their assessment is vital. It is well known fact that transport has significant detrimental effects on both built and natural environment along with human beings. Such effects have lifelong impacts and therefore the same may be mitigated at different stages of planning, designing, construction and operation. In this context, it is important to carry out the assessment of the consequences of programs, policies and projects related to transport on environment at micro and macro level.
2.0 Environmental Considerations in Transport
Transport is a means to carry man, materials, machines, goods, etc. from one location to another location by using various methods/modes. In fact, it involves mobility of people, carrying of goods, and delivery of services from local level to global level. In other words, such mobility needs creation of world class transport infrastructure, environmental sustainable modes of transport and good governance. On the contrarily, such transport infrastructure projects / plan implementation /policies formulation have repercussions on various environmental components such as air quality, noise pollution, carbon emission, public health, etc. Therefore, environmental considerations are important to assess in plan formulation and project implementation which is described in Table 1.