Amit Kumar Gangal, Principal Architect, Modarchindia
Industrialization and Urbanization has triggered the movement of population shift from rural areas to urban areas. Thus, one can easily estimate the humongous pressure on the urban areas in terms of infrastructure and living spaces that will radically change the urban skyline. The constraint of space led to the verticality of buildings and that altered the silhouette of the cities not just in regions but globally. One cannot deny the boom of high rise buildings and their role in the urban landscape. The human civilization of the 21st century is already facing challenges ranging from global conflicts to resource shortage, from pollution to urban sprawl. In such a storm swirling situation, the only mode of survival and way forward is Sustainable Development.
Sustainability in ArchitectureSustainability in Architecture refers to the environmentally sensitive approach towards designing of buildings coupled with building management systems. One must follow the basic principle of Sustainability which is "advancement that meets the needs of the present without overlooking the requirements of the future". The aim being to obtain a building close to an ideal "ZERO ENERGY "building. A sustainable high-rise building is one which is efficient enough to perform all the building functions with the ability to produce an equivalent amount of energy that it consumes. The usage of recycled materials is another characteristic feature of a sustainable building. There are various design strategies which when explored lead to a sustainable product.
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