Diptimoy Datta,Senior DGM (Bridges), ECC Division L&T,New Delhi

Panipat Elevated Expressway Project
Panipat, the war city of India situated at 90 km from National capital,Delhi, has a glorious past in the Indian history. It is said that at the time of battle of Mahabharat one of the five villages which were demanded by the pandavas was "Panpat” which was later on renamed as Panipat. Three major battles were fought at this place in 1526, 1556 and 1761. Panipat is famous in India by the name of “City of Weaver.” Panipat district has significant place in international market for “Handloom products.” It is also the biggest centre for shoddy yarn in the world.

Panipat Elevated Expressway Project
National Highway No. 1 connecting Delhi-Panipat-Ambala-Amritsar and going upto Indo/Pak border is a very important National highway and connects northern part of the country including states of Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh and Haryana with Delhi and rest of the country. In eventuality of war, this road also serves as a vital link to Wagha border area as Delhi Cantonment, Ambala Cantonment and Jalandhar Cantonment are situated along side this road. As a result traffic intensity on the road is very high. The project section through Panipat is a serious bottleneck to the speedy, smooth and safe flow of traffic mainly on account of congested ypes of traffic due to Panipat being an industrial city.

The Panipat Elevated Expressway Project (PEEP) has come up in the heart of Panipat. The entire stretch between km 86.000 & 96.000 has been been developed to a 6 lane access control highway with elevated 6 lane structure from 88560 to 92160. This 3.6 km flyover is the longest 6 lane flyover in India till date. This Built Operate and Transfer (BoT) project has been executed by L&T Panipat Elevated Corridor Limited (L&T PECL). National Highways Authority of India (NHAI), New Delhi has alloted a 20 year concession to PEEP to finance, design, built, operate and maintain this new bridge. It is the first BoT project completed 6 months ahead of schedule.

Panipat Elevated Expressway Project

Project Details

  • Access controlled 6 lane highway in the reach km 86.000 to km 96.000.
  • Separate 2 lane peripheral road with paved shoulder on either side of access controlled 6 lane highway for the local Panipat traffic.
  • Three Underpasses to accommodate 4 lane divided carriageway.
  • Construction of 2 New minor Bridges @ Ch: 91.400 & Ch: 96.000.
  • Widening / construction /reconstruction of culverts, drains, ducts for services etc.
  • Other miscellaneous provisions like Toll Plaza, lighting at Toll Plaza, street lighting, road furniture, road markings, signalized junctions etc.

Elevated Portion

The 3.6 Km long flyover is the longest 6 lane flyover in India, built by utilizing state of art technology. The foundation of this bridge consists of 1282 piles done by rotary rig method over which pile caps and piers have been built upon. I-Girders have been pre–cast at the base camp and transported to site in specially modified trailers, where the erection work has been completed using Gantries and high capacity cranes.

For the first time in India, precast deck slabs have been used as a load bearing member in combination with cast-in-situ. This has most efficiently led to time and cost reduction for completion of the project. Photographs 1 & 2.


The project also included widening of roads from 4 lanes to 10 lanes in the project area. Throughout the stretch flexible road has been provided apart from Toll Plaza where rigid pavement has been constructed. The minimum crust thickness for the entire stretch is 695 mm.


In order to provide interconnectivity to peripheral road on either side of the access controlled main carriageway three underpasses have been provided at Ch: 87.365, Ch:91900 and Ch:93.600 with a maximum length of 850 mts. These Underpasses have a minimum vertical clearance of 5.5m with 20m effective span to accommodate 4 lane divided carriageway with median and 1.5m footpath on either side.

Cross Drainage Works

A total of 10 culverts (7-box, 2-pipe & 1-slab) have been constructed and widened in the project stretch. The cross drainage works also includes construction of 2 minor bridges at ch: 91.40 & 96.000.


Street lighting

Panipat Elevated Expressway Project

For lighting purpose twisted decorative poles with bird wings have been imported from malaysia, which gives an added lure to the project. These poles have been used for the first time in this part of the country.

Toll Plaza

Panipat Elevated Expressway Project

A 20-lane Toll Plaza has been constructed at Ch: 94775 with all the modern facilities imported from European Countries. It has the provision of smart cards for local vehicles as well as provision for automatic classification of vehicles. Proper and adequate lighting as well as Safety measures have been ensured at this location. Rigid Pavement (Pavement Quality concrete) has been done in Toll Plaza area from Ch: 94775 to Ch: 95118. Photograph 4.


Landscape treatment of the project section has been undertaken through planting of trees and ground cover of appropriate varieties.

Shrubs of low height have been planted in the median of the project section.

Project Achievements

It is India’s first BoT project to be completed well ahead of schedule and the credit for the early completion goes to:

i) Utility Shifting

Major Utility Shifting was done on riority basis which has resulted in achieving the progress without major hindrances at site.

ii) Traffic Management at site

Panipat Elevated Expressway Project
The biggest hurdle for the project was management of traffic at site. As mentioned, Panipat is an industrial city located on the busy NH-1. So, there is a vast mix of traffic ranging from bullock carts and cycle rickshaws to heavy industrial vehicles. Hence, it was compulsory to have a well developed traffic management plan so as to work smoothly as well as smooth passage of vehicles. Traffic Management at this site has been one of our biggest achievement and we have been able to achieve proper and safe movement of traffic as well as applaud from local public and administration. A survey carried out during construction period even indicated that the average speed of Vehicles in the project stretch increased in comparison to the speed before start of the project.

iii) Precast Deck Planks

For the first time in India, precast deck slabs have been used as a load bearing members in combination with cast-in-situ. This has most efficiently led to early completion of the project.

iv.)Precast Girder & Parapet

Precast Girders & Parapet have been used for reducing the duration of superstructure completion which has led to time saving for the project.

Project Significance

This project has given relieve to the commuters passing through the stretch as well as people of Panipat from the endless traffic jams and will usher in an era of growth and prosperity. As mentioned it is the most critical stretch in this section and it used to take up to an hour for crossing this stretch before construction of this flyover. Trade and commerce will also touch new high with faster transportation of goods and services.

It is indeed a great example set by India’s largest engineering and construction organization in completing this landmark BoT project well ahead of schedule. This remarkable and rare feat has been achieved only due to proper planning of the job and advanced construction techniques utilized by L&T. Once again L&T has proved that it has the capabilities and commitment to make enduring contribution to roads, highways and bridges-the lifelines of nation.
Load Testing of Various Types of Bridge Superstructures
Er. Vivek Abhyankar describes the steps and aspects of load testing of various types of superstructures, along with some cautionary measures and points to ponder upon by the designers, site engineers, and testing agencies. The information provided will be

Read more ...

Innovative Steel Plate Girders With Corrugated Webs
Girders with corrugated steel webs represent a new innovative system which has emerged in the past decade. These girders have thinner webs, higher fatigue resistance, and are more economical, easier to fabricate, more aesthetic, and provide faster construction

Read more ...

My Tryst with the National Namaste Signature Bridge
The iconic National Namaste Signature Bridge in Delhi over the river Yamuna appears languid in perpetual motion in the tradition of the Calatrava’s Bridges in motion, symbolizing nationalism in its visual form. V N Heggade, FNAE, Structural Consultant, Mumbai

Read more ...

Construction of Foundation & Sub-Structure of Bogibeel Rail-Cum Road Bridge Over River Brahmaputra- An Engineering Marvel
The former Prime Minister of India Shri H D Devagowda laid the foundation stone of the Bogibeel Bridge on January 22, 1997 at Kulajan (Assam). After 5 years of laying of the foundation, on April 22, 2002 the Prime Minister of India Shri Atal Behari Vajpayee

Read more ...

Construction of World’s Tallest Rail Bridge in India
As part of Northeast Policy, the Ministry of Railways took up the project of providing rail connectivity to Imphal in Manipur state. As per the detailed survey, the rail alignment takes off from existing Jiribam

Read more ...

Construction of New Brahmaputra Bridge & Road Works Near Tezpur - An Insight...
Brahmaputra is one of the longest river in Asia with a total length of 2880 km & out of which 920km (approx.) lie in India. The New Brahmaputra Bridge @ Tezpur is one of the most challenging one, in the attempt to bridge

Read more ...

Slope erosion protection of bridge approach embankment
The road and railway crossing across the Brahmaputra on National Highway-52B is located at Bogibeel, about 17km downstream of Dibrugarh in Assam. The location is an area of high intensity rainfall (the annual rainfall ranges

Read more ...

Art & Science of Bridge Engineering - A World Scenario
The world has progressed beyond imaginations. Similar to the field of IT, Civil Engineering has also taken several steps forward to bring out innovative technologies to meet challenges of this world’s aspirations. Going forward from

Read more ...

Dhola Sadiya - India's Longest River Bridge
The bridge lies in the state of Assam, but this location is usually referred to as upper Assam as it is far away from Guwahati and bordering China. The nearest airport is Dibrugarh. Then there is a drive of 65km into the

Read more ...

Innovation in Bridges Components and Materials
The Infrastructure Industry is continuously evolving; new roads, elevated corridors, expressways, railways, dedicated corridors, metros, mono-rails are being constructed all the time. They also require constant

Read more ...

World's Most Amazing Bridges
The 6.5 feet wide walkway in the Hongyagu Scenic Area in Hebei province hangs 755 feet above the ground, and is the world's longest bridge, which opened in 2017-end. Designed by Tel Aviv architect Haim Dotan

Read more ...

An Experimental Study to Estimate Loss of Prestress and Determining Fundamental Natural Frequecny of Prestressed Concrete Bridge
Prestressed Concrete (PSC) structures especially bridges are being largely used all over the world due to their multifarious advantages in terms of structural behaviour, economy as well as aesthetical

Read more ...

Four Span Pipe Bridge
Distressed structures require necessary remedial measures in order to restore their original structural properties like strength and stiffness. Validating the effectiveness of the proposed qualitative remedial

Read more ...

Foot Bridges
Footbridges have a longer history than road or railway bridges. Ancient footbridges comprised of natural materials such as roots of trees, ropes, stones, masonry, and wood. Modern footbridges are built

Read more ...

Thane Creek Bridge
Load testing is done to determine the safe load carrying capacity of structures, determining if specific legal or overweight vehicles can safely cross the structure or needs to be restricted and the level of post

Read more ...

Bridge in Central Kerala
Cement concrete is a versatile building material and is the second most consumed material in the world, after water. It is made using porland cement, coarse, and fine aggregates, water and one or more

Read more ...

Concrete Road Bridges
Planning, design and construction of bridges and flyovers is very challenging at places with space constraints. There has been rapid development with the availability of high strength steel and concrete

Read more ...

Integral Abutment Bridges
The conventional bridges use expansion joints and bearings to accommodate the thermal movements of the bridge. However, they don't completely eliminate the distress caused because

Read more ...

Bridge Restoration
The use and advantages of Post Tensioning are very well known in the Civil Engg Industry as it has been in use for the last 40 to 50 years. Post tensioning is one of the best methods to induce stresses in the concrete

Read more ...

Signature Bridge
Wazirabad Bridge or Signature Bridge Project is an initiative of Delhi Government, planned during the Commonwealth Games. It was conceptualized to be a landmark tourist icon that would also speed

Read more ...

Sign-up for Free Subscription
'India Construction Week'
Weekly e-Newsletter on Construction Industry
Get the latest news, product launches, projects announced / awarded, government policies, investments, and expert views.
Click here to subscribe.