Road Transport Sector

Dr. L.R. Kadiyali, Chief Executive, L.R. Kadiyali and Associates, New Delhi
Greenhouse gas emissions from the operation of road vehicles are a matter of serious concern in the world and India. As the number of vehicles is growing rapidly in India, India's contribution to the global CO2 emissions is forecast to increase to 6 per cent in the year 2030. India is a party to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and must take various measures to ensure that the global climate system does not get interfered with. The Paper describes various measures India can take to tackle this serious problem.

Introduction

As India is a fast-growing economy, with a GDP growth rate of 7 per cent per annum already achieved, and growing at 10 per cent is a possibility, the road transport sector is poised for a growth rate of 10–15 per cent. As road transport vehicles are currently dependent on petroleum crude based fuels (petrol and diesel), the emissions from these are causing serious environmental problems. It is, therefore, urgent that the country addresses these issues and takes suitable steps to mitigate the ill-effects of road transport. India is a party to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and thus must take measures to stabilise Green House Gas (GHG) emissions so that the global climate system does not get interfered with.

Green House Gas Emissions and their Effect

What are Green Houses Gases (GHG)?
The Kyoto Protoc covered the following six emissions under GHG:

CO2
Methane
Nitrogen Oxide
Sulphur Hexafluoride
Hydrofluorocarbons
Perfluorocarbons

Of the above, CO2 is largest contributor, (about 96%) in the transportation sector. The Paper, therefore, confines itself to CO2 emissions. The CO2 emissions are also known as Carbon Footprints.

India contributed about 2 percent of global CO2 emissions in 2006, but as its economy is poised for a rapid growth, it is forecast to contribute 6 per cent in the year 2030 (Ref 1).

Ill-effects of GHG Emissions
ill Effects of GHG Emissions

NBM&CW September 2016